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Historical Timeline - Duluth, MN

Time line

-1854 & 1855:  rumors of immense copper deposits along the North Shore & of iron ore at Lake Vermilion sparked a boom in the area.
-1854:  the Treaty of La Point was signed at Fond du Lac by which the Grand Portage & Fond du Lac Indians gave up their rights to mineral tracts in the region.
-1855: Sault Ste Marie locks open allowing large ships into Lake Superior
-1857:  the national panic of 1857 brought disaster to the area and for 10 years there wasn't a single store on the Minnesota shore of Lake Superior
-1859:  scarlet fever epidemic devastates area
-1865:  only two house were occupied in Duluth, but another rush was on.  Geologists reported finding iron ore and gold-bearing quartz at Lake Vermilion.  Jay Cooke also decided to make Duluth the northern terminal of the Lake Superior and Mississippi Railroad, replacing the old Military Road from St. Paul
-1869:  Population reaches 3,500
-1870:  First Charter; Duluth was booming and regarded itself as a "City of Destiny."
-1871:  Col. J. B. Culver was elected the first mayor of Duluth.  The canal through Minnesota Point, now bridged by the Aerial Lift Bridge, was dug.
-1873:  Jay Cooke's financial failure rocked the area.  Banks failed, real estate slumped, and there was no work.  The population dwindled from about 5,000 to 1,300.
-March 12, 1877:  Duluth held its last council meeting after which it burned up its bonds and lapsed into a "village" status.  The more settled parts of were known as the Duluth village for the next 10 years, and the surrounding areas the "district."
-1878:  Duluth's prominence begins to return; lumbering, grain began to pour into the port, and the village boundaries had to be expanded.
-1881:  the first street railway franchise was granted
-1886:  population was 26,000
-1887:  the legislature gave Duluth permission to call itself a city
-December 3, 1912:  present charter provided for a commission form of government was adopted
The development of elevators, docks, railroads, and sawmills gave impetus to the population numbers
-1890:  population - 33,115 (aided by the beginning of ore shipments)
-1900:  population - 52,969
-1902:  A State Normal School opens
-1910:  population - 78,466
-1916:  Iron, steel, and Portland cement plants for large scale production open
-1929:  Peak year of total net tonnage shipped of 60.39 million -- of this iron made up 50%;  the balance was limestone, coal, grain, and misc. products;  value exceeded $485 million.
-1930:  population - 101,463 (more than there is today); the foreign-born population totaled 24,929
-1935:  the average cargo received and shipped 124,190 tons, and 11,050 vessels passed in and out of the harbor each day
-In 1985, Duluth was second to New York in the United States in total net tonnage, even with only eight months of navigation.  The average yearly tonnage was 48 million net.

God's Light

"Men are instruments in the hand of God, employed by Him to accomplish His purposes of grace and mercy.  Each has his part to act; to each is granted a measure of light, adapted to the necessities of his time, and sufficient to enable him to perform the work which God has given him to do."  Excerpt from "The Great Controversy Ended...A Glimpse into Eternity"


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